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糖尿病患者的电解质紊乱和酸碱失衡
Electrolyte and Acid–Base Disturbances in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus


Biff F. Palmer ... 糖尿病 • 2015.08.06

糖尿病的患病率正在快速增长,2型糖尿病目前占年轻人新发糖尿病病例的20%~50%1。电解质紊乱在糖尿病患者中很常见,这可能是高血糖诱发渗透性体液的变化或通过渗透性利尿导致电解质总体缺乏,从而导致电解质分布改变的结果。此外,终末器官损伤的并发症和在糖尿病的管理中使用的疗法也可能导致电解质紊乱。在这篇综述中,我们主要说明葡萄糖稳态的调节障碍对特定电解质造成影响的可能方式。





作者信息

Biff F. Palmer, M.D., and Deborah J. Clegg, Ph.D.
From the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas (B.F.P.); and the Biomedical Research Department, Diabetes and Obesity Research Division, Cedars– Sinai Medical Center, Beverly Hills, CA (D.J.C.). Address reprint requests to Dr. Palmer at the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, TX 75390, or at biff.palmer@utsouthwestern.edu.

 

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